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        名人書畫習得的三大要素

        來源:http://www.carolbox.cn 發布時間:2021-09-16

        紙和搪瓷的識別是在紙和搪瓷上進行的。life的壽命通常約為100年,而紙的壽命約為1000年。當然,由于地下埋葬環境的不同,出土文物中的紙筐可能仍會超過千年。例如,在金唐之前,就已經編織了單絲,直到宋代才發現了雙絲的縐紋,這種縐紋比元和明朝的要細。根據質量類別,您可以確定書畫的年齡。紙上也有時代的痕跡。隋唐以前,紙以大麻為原料,纖維含量較高,紙質也不佳。隋唐以后,樹皮被用于造紙,其紙張質量比以前更好。北宋中期以后,造紙材料多樣化,并提出了論文。多元化。實際上,民間收藏的書畫只出現在明清末期。這是因為紙張和搪瓷本身很難保存數百年。再加上偽造者的困惑,有人認為古代書法的相當一部分是魚。名人書畫習得的三個主要要素:
        The identification of paper and enamel is carried out on paper and enamel. The life of life is usually about 100 years, while the life of paper is about 1000 years. Of course, due to the different underground burial environment, the paper baskets in the unearthed cultural relics may still be more than a thousand years old. For example, single silk had been woven before the Jin and Tang Dynasties, and the crepe pattern of double silk was not found until the Song Dynasty, which was thinner than that of the yuan and Ming Dynasties. According to the quality category, you can determine the age of calligraphy and painting. There are also traces of the times on the paper. Before the Sui and Tang Dynasties, hemp was used as the raw material of paper, with high fiber content and poor paper quality. After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, bark was used for papermaking, and its paper quality was better than before. After the middle of the Northern Song Dynasty, papermaking materials were diversified and papers were put forward. diversification. In fact, the folk collection of calligraphy and painting only appeared in the late Ming and Qing Dynasties. This is because paper and enamel itself are difficult to preserve for hundreds of years. Coupled with the confusion of forgers, some people think that a considerable part of ancient calligraphy is fish. Three main elements of celebrity calligraphy and painting acquisition:
        一,安裝標識
        1、 Installation identification
        每個時代都有自己的特點。例如,在元代,藏畫的收藏是由一個特殊的人選擇的。大德四年間,“古代玉象牙成為軸心,桉樹金碧繼續被安裝”。在明代,畫作在畫卷中加入了鉛,有些還寫在了線上。垂直軸有寬和窄的一面,有些還增加了詩歌。清代宮廷繪畫的材料和技術形式都比明代更好。
        Each era has its own characteristics. For example, in the Yuan Dynasty, the collection of Tibetan paintings was selected by a special person. During the four years of Dade, "ancient jade and ivory became the axis, and Eucalyptus splendor continued to be installed". In the Ming Dynasty, lead was added to the paintings, and some were written on the line. The vertical axis has wide and narrow sides, and some have added poetry. The materials and technical forms of palace painting in the Qing Dynasty are better than those in the Ming Dynasty.
        收購名人字畫
        Acquisition of celebrity calligraphy and painting
        二,印章識別
        2、 Seal identification
        宋代的許多歌舞作品未加蓋印章,有些蓋有青銅和玉印章,并且印章上印有致密的印章和水上的櫻花。封印由木頭,象牙,銅,玉等制成。版畫為模版和櫻花代。使用了石印。明代的石印章很常見,雕刻方法使用“錘頭式”。清代油櫻所使用的印章大多為印章形狀,其字體和字體也多種多樣。油墨顏色是油性的。繪畫中衣服和生活用具的標識冠在不同的年齡通常會有所不同,并且生活用具也有所不同,可以被識別。
        Many song and dance works were not sealed, some were sealed with bronze and jade seals, and the seals were printed with dense seals and cherry blossoms on the water. The seal is made of wood, ivory, copper, jade, etc. Prints are templates and Sakura generation. Lithography was used. Stone seals in the Ming Dynasty are very common, and the carving method is "hammer head type". The seals used by Youying in the Qing Dynasty are mostly in the shape of seals, and their fonts and fonts are also diverse. Ink color is oily. The identification crowns of clothes and living utensils in painting are usually different at different ages, and living utensils are also different and can be identified.
        三,職稱鑒定
        3、 Professional title appraisal
        這些問題分為三類:作者的頭銜,當代的問題和后代的問題。標題是增加書畫的價值。但是,通常會出現帶有錯誤問題的真實繪畫或帶有真實問題的偽造繪畫,應仔細識別。
        These problems fall into three categories: the title of the author, contemporary problems and future problems. The title is to increase the value of calligraphy and painting. However, there are usually real paintings with wrong problems or forged paintings with real problems, which should be carefully identified.
        今天的書法作品可以分為兩種,一種是行業,一種是專業書法家的作品;另一種是書法作品。一個是外行,不是書法家,純粹是書法愛好者。
        Today's calligraphy works can be divided into two types: one is the work of industry and the other is the work of professional calligraphers; The other is calligraphy. One is a layman, not a calligrapher, but a pure calligraphy lover.